The Colonial War

The colonial aspect of the regime became, for the allies of Portugal, but especially for the United States, an increasingly embarrassing issue. The official American position was anti-colonial, and the Portuguese regime would not discuss the independence of its colonies. When the colonial war broke out, in 1961 (lasting until 1974), Portugal had few official allies in that matter, and became more and more isolated inside the UN.

Arrival of the first Portuguese troops in Luanda, capital of Angola.
The image shows these troops being greeted by the local white Portuguese population.

The departure of soldiers on boat, from Lisbon to the war fronts. The war took place on three fronts (Portuguese Guinea, Angola and Mozambique), lasted for 13 years and thousands of Portuguese youngsters participated in it. The pressure on the national budget was also enormous – a big chunk of it went for defence.

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