The Economic Growth and the Decadence of the Regime
The country’s economy grew steadily during the 50´s and 60´s, in great part due to the internationalization of the Portuguese economy – Portugal became a founding member of EFTA, the alternative European common market to the EEC. The more the country’s economy exported to the international markets, the more the colonies looked less interesting to the Portuguese investors. .
As the Portuguese society as a whole became richer and more aware of the global changes that were taking place, less and less people supported the colonial war and the politics of the regime. The emigration of Portuguese workers abroad (to escape the colonial war, the lack of liberties and in search of better standards of living), also contributed to the changes. The emigrants coming back to visit their families carried with them winds of change. The same can be said of the mass tourism from northern Europe – new ways of behaving and thinking permeated the, until then, quite conservative Portuguese society.
The official propaganda of the regime continued to insist in what it called the “traditional values”: God, Motherland and Family (right).
The society, meanwhile, influenced by the new trends was changing fast (left). The appearance of national television (first broadcasts in 1956), helped to mould this new mentality.
- The Making of Portugal
- The Muslim Influence
- The Age of Discoveries
- The Decline of the Eastern Empire and the Spanish Domination
- The Restoration of Independence and the Brazilian Cycle
- The Pombaline Wave of Development
- The Peninsular Wars and the Liberal Revolution
- The Parliamentary Regime – the First Wave of Industrialization
- The Crisis at the End of the 19th century and the Spread of Republicanism
- The First Republic
- The Advent of the Authoritarian Regime
- The Democratic Process